Cholera can be simply and successfully treated by immediate replacement of the fluid and salts lost through diarrhea. Patients can be treated with oral rehydration solution (ORS), a prepackaged mixture of sugar and salts to be mixed with water and drunk in large amounts. This solution is used throughout the world to treat diarrhea. Severe cases also require intravenous fluid replacement. With prompt appropriate rehydration, fewer than 1% of cholera patients die.
In October 2017, GTFCC partners launched a strategy for cholera control Ending Cholera: A roadmap to 2030. The country led strategy aims to reduce cholera deaths by 90% and to eliminate cholera in as many as 20 countries by 2030. Together, we can meet this ambitious goal by addressing the following:
1) Prevention & Control
2) Surveillance Systems
3) Water & Sanitation Interventions
5) Hygiene Promotion and Social Mobilization
Community engagement is key to long term changes in behavior and to the control of cholera.